Love your V

Glossary

  • A

    • Areola

      Dark colored skin that surrounds the nipple on the breast

    • Anovulation

      Absence of ovulation

    • Amniotic sac

      Formed during pregnancy within the uterus to contain the fetus. It is called bag of waters as well.

    • Amniotic fluid

      Liquid contained in the amniotic sac and surrounding the fetus during pregnancy

    • Amniocentesis

      Test that may be performed between 15 to 20 weeks of pregnancy and can indicate chromosomal default such as Down syndrome or other genetic disorders.

    • Alveoli cells

      Tiny glands located in the breast and producing milk

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  • B

    • Bacterial vaginosis (BV)

      Most common vaginal infection in women which happen when the normal vagina bacterial are not well balanced as a result of douching for example. Symptoms include odor, vaginal discharge, burning or pain when urinating. Bacterial vaginosis can be asymptomatic as well.

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  • C

    • Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)

      Test that may be performed between 10 and 12 weeks of pregnancy and can indicate similar outcomes as amniocentesis.

    • Chlamydia

      Asymptomatic in most of the case this common sexually transmitted disease can cause damage to women reproductive organs

    • Cesarean (C-section)

      Procedure where the baby is delivered through the abdomen

    • Cervix

      The lower part of the uterus and forms a canal that opens into the vagina and which leads to the outside of the body

    • Candidiasis or vaginal yeast infection

      Is not contagious. Overgrowth of the existing yeast in the vagina may occur affecting the good bacteria balance. This brings the vagina's defense down and an infection happens. Some ways to prevent candidiasis are to eat healthy, avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics, and wash daily with a gentle feminine wash

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  • D

    • Ductules

      Milk ducts of small size located in the breast that lead to mammary or lactiferous ducts

    • Douche

      Process of intravaginal cleansing with a liquid solution. Douching is not recommended it can change the balance of vaginal flora) and acidity in a healthy vagina

    • Diaphragm

      Birth control device in the form of a thin flexible disk designed to cover the cervix to prevent entry of sperm during sexual intercourse

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  • E

    • Estrogen

      Group of female hormones responsible for breast and secondary sex characteristics development in women. Estrogen together with other hormone is important to prepare woman body for pregnancy. Estrogens are produced partly in the ovaries

    • Episiotomy

      Performance of incision in the perineum (between the vagina and the anus) during delivery in order to make the vaginal opening larger

    • Epidural

      Anesthesia perform in the spine during labor

    • Endometrial cancer

      Cancer developing from the endometrium in the womb

    • Ectopic pregnancy

      Pregnancy outside the uterus

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  • F

    • Follicle

      An egg develops inside the ovary every month in a fluid filled pocket called a follicle. The follicle then releases the egg into the fallopian tube

    • Fallopian tubes

      Part of the female reproductive system that carry eggs from ovaries to the uterus

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  • G

    • Gonorrhea

      Sexually transmitted disease often asymptomatic. Untreated gonorrhea can cause serious and permanent health problems like pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

    • Genitalia

      The organs of reproduction, esp. the external organs

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  • H

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  • I

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  • L

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  • M

    • Menopause

      Transition in a woman's life when production of the hormone estrogen in her body falls permanently to very low levels, the ovaries stop producing eggs, and menstrual periods stop for good

    • Mastitis

      Occurs mostly in breastfeeding women, causing a hard spot on the breast that can be sore or uncomfortable. Caused by infection from bacteria that enters the breast through a break or crack in the skin on the nipple or by a plugged milk duct

    • Mastectomy

      Surgery intending to remove the breast or part of its tissues

    • Mammogram

      X-Ray of the breast

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  • O

    • Oxytocin

      Hormone increased during pregnancy. Help to produce both uterine contraction and milk ejection

    • Osteoporosis

      Bone disease with progressive loss of bone density

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  • P

    • pH

      PH is the measure of the hydrogen concentration of a solution or  the measure of acidity or alkalinity of a solution. pH of 7 is neutral, pH below 7 is acidic and above 7 is alkaline

    • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

      Infection of fallopian tubes or ovaries. It is the most common and serious condition caused by sexually transmitted diseases

    • Pap test

      Test performed to find changes in cervix cells

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  • S

    • Skin Mycoses

      Fungal infections affecting the skin, nails and hair. Fungi can be naturally found in the body. When skin inbalance happen they start to growth and causes mycosis

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  • U

    • Uterus

      Medical term for the womb. Hollow muscular organ located in the female pelvis between the bladder and rectum

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  • V

    • Vulva

      Consists of the external genital organs of the female mamma

    • Vaginitis

      Inflammation of the vagina that may induce discharge, itching and pain.

    • Vaginal Discharge

      Biological fluids contained within or expelled from the vagina. It can be of various colors, (whitish, yellowish or greenish).While most discharge is normal and can reflect the various stages of the menstrual cycle, some discharge can be a result of an infection, such as a sexually transmitted disease.

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